Tarquinia

The sanctuary of the etruscan civilization

One of the most powerful Etruscan cities etrusche, Tarquinia, at 85 km from Castiglione in Teverina, situated along the Aurelia street , in the northern of the Lazio, is universally famous for the Etruscan Necropolis of the Monterozzis (VII sec. to. C. up to the Roman) roman epoch, composed by graves with rooms , corridors, used for cremation and tumult, famous for the stupendous paintings of the graves, one of the best testimonies of pictorial art of the ancient world. The necropolis, an unique patrimony, considering that it give us the possibility to understand the evolution of the etruscan civilization, it has been declared patrimony of the humanity from the Unesco. The graves of the Caccia, of the Lioness, of the Leopards, of the Typhoon, of the Wishes, of the Baron and of Polifemo meet there, adorned with scenes of life, of death and of images of the afterlife, they tell uses, customs, beliefs of the etruscan beliefs. The Graves of the Hunter are nowadays visitable, like the Jugglers graves, the Pulcella’s graves, the Cardarelli’s graves, the graves of the Whipping, the Lotus Flower graves, the Lionesses graves, the Gorgoneion graves, the Caronti graves, the Leopards graves, the Baccanti’s graves, the graves of Hunting and Fishing.

We recommend the visit of the Vitelleschi’s building, splendid building of architecture of the Gothic and Renaissance periode, shown in the Center of the National Etruscan Museum, one of the greatest harvests of Etruscan finds (outfits, sarcophagus, vases and decorations of the Ara temple of the queen), the Romanesque churches of S.Maria of the Castle, S. Francesco, S. Pancrazio, and the most ancient church of the city, S. Martino, and the medieval district in the north part of the city, suggestive for the presence of churches, towers and ancient houses are very tine to visit. The rests of a sacred area (Ara della Regina) have been found where the city was located.

Along the shore, at 6 km, is situated the seaside resort of Tarquinia Lido. At south the rests of the Clementino’s Port, ancient Roman Port.

History: the housing testimonies of this central fulcrum of the Etruria dated to the IX sec. B.C. Rome annexes it and becomes civitas foederata; in the IV century is Episcopalian center, with the arrival of the barbarian the population moved to the sea, where the modern city rises. It becomes Center of exchanges and, in the XII century, common-city arousing the interest of a lot of powers (from Frederico II to the Romans, from the Breton to the Sforza, from the French to the Church and even to the English…). The actual city, known with the name of Corneto up to 1926, is from medieval origin, it preserves the urbanistic plant of the epoch with surrounded building and about forty towers.

(for all www.ticketeria.it, www.sitiunesco.it)
 

Dintorni

• Orvieto
• Antonio da Sangallo il giovane
• Tour di due giorni
• Lago di Vico
• Lago di Bolsena
• Il Bagnaccio
• Tarquinia
• San Casciano dei Bagni
• Tuscia
• Saturnia
• Pienza - Poggibonsi
• Montefiascone
• Lago di Orvieto
• Civita di Bagnoregio
• Dunarobba
• Castello di Sismano
• Capodimonte
• Viterbo