Antonio da Sangallo the young

His name is tied up to these earths and his international fame resounds thanks to the works that embellish Orvieto, Rome, Montefiascone, Florence and the interventions of restructuring in a lot of zones of the Tuscia region, from Umbria and Lazio. We are speaking of the architect Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane, alias Anthony Cordini (Florence 1484-Rome 1546), that overcame the fame of his uncles Giuliano and Antonio il Vecchio. He met Donato Bramante in Rome and became his student. The style and the techniques of Anthony da Sangallo are moulded from the art of the teacher. He was architect and military engineer to popes Leone X, Clemente VII and Paolo III: he applied his talent to the military architecture and the civil and religious architecture.

Concerning the examples of military architecture, Sangallo can be considered as the creator of the modern system modern of bastion, with polygonal ramparts: he built the Pozzo di Orvieto, known as San Patrizio one, with double staircase with a spiral form, it looks like a snail (the two staircases never meet together...), besides the pontiff Fortresses of Ancona and Civita Castellana, the bastions in Rome, the Fortress Paolina of Perugia (destroyed by a popular revolt in the 1848). In these places attainable umbro-laziali-Tuscans easily attainable from the B&B Farm of the Mulberries, other works boast the hand of the Florentine architect: for Paolo III, first Cardinal Farnese, Antonio realized the restructuring of the Fortress of Montefiascone (1519), two temples on the island of Bisentina of the lake of Bolsena, works in Nepi for the fortitude (1540 and following) and therefore the work for the capital of the Ducato di Castro. The works of excavation of the quarry of Paolina in the place of Marmore on the river called Velino, work of hydraulic engineering initiated in 1545 and completed in 1547 after the death of Sangallo (Terni 1546) always bring his signature.

A real center of documentation and study on the Florentine architect can bes found in the Fortress of the Popes in Montefiascone where the museum is devoted to the artist: the plastic of some finished works in the tall Lazio and in the territory of farnese can observe. The inside of the museum is divided in different rooms from the terrestrial plan of the Rocca. The visit beginns with a thematic section, the presentation of the greatest Roman creations of the architect. It continues then with the illustration of the techniques and the typologies that countersign the works. Every room proposes a rich photographic documentation of the original sketches, the plastic of the most meaningful works and the tread in chalk of the constructive details.

Antonio da Sangallo gave light to his principal works in Rome: the solemn church in bricks of Saint Maria di Loreto, near the Column Traiana, the Church of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini, left incomplete by Jacopo Sansovino; the Chapel Paolina and the Regal Room of the Vatican Buildings and the additions to the boundaries and the fortifications of the Civitas Leonina (Bastione Sangallo); the inferior part of the splendid courtyard of Building Farnese, sober and elegant, inspired by the external structure of the Colosseum and subsequently completed by Michelangelo. A little far, inVia Giulia, the architect built his own house, today note as Building Sacchetti, radically rehandled during the following centuries. After the sack in Rome, Antonio devoted his work outside of the city of Rome, especially on the military area (pozzo di San Patrizio in Orvieto and the fortifications of Ancona).
 

Dintorni

• Orvieto
• Antonio da Sangallo il giovane
• Tour di due giorni
• Lago di Vico
• Lago di Bolsena
• Il Bagnaccio
• Tarquinia
• San Casciano dei Bagni
• Tuscia
• Saturnia
• Pienza - Poggibonsi
• Montefiascone
• Lago di Orvieto
• Civita di Bagnoregio
• Dunarobba
• Castello di Sismano
• Capodimonte
• Viterbo