Orvieto

the magic of the underground city

The city of remarkable historical-artistic interest and great tourist attraction very close to the B&B the Hamlet of the Mulberries, at almost 10 kilometers, is the Etruscan Orvieto, that you should absolutely visit, it is situated in the province of Terni (Umbria) and in the border with Lazio. It is developed on a cliff of tuff in the beautiful valley of Paglia , a tall hill that also gives the name to the Paglia River, one of the most important tributariy of the Tevere on the right bank. The name of Orvieto derives from the Latin Urbs vetus and means "old city." It was occupied from the Lombards after being been conquered a lot of times and lost by the Goths and the Byzantines. After the Commune period it belongs to the State of the Church up to the unity of Italy.

Orvieto is famous, for her good white wine and for the Umbria Jazz Winter Celebration.

Lubriano, Montecchio, Porano, St. Venanzo, Bagnoregio, Bolsena, Castiglione in Teverina, Civitella d’Agliano, Todi, Allerona, Basque, Castel Giorgio, Castel Viscardo, Ficulle are very closet to Orvieto.

You should see: Orvieto is famous for her Cathedral, monument-symbol of the city, maximum representation of the Gothic architecture, (1290 and continued by Lorenzo Maitani, where it is synthesized the best of the art from Orvieto. The Cathedral, baptized the Giglio of the Cathedrals, was built for entertaining the relic of the Bodily miracle of the Eucarestia happened in 1264 in Bolsena. The façade is stupendous, it brings, besides the mariano cycle represented by mosaics with gold background, the sculptures of Maitani, Andrew Pisano, Orcagna and Petruccio di Benedetto. The inside is majestic- trhree aisles on cylindrical pillars and with trusses of discoveries roof- embellished by frescos of Beato Angelico that paints the vault, fanlights and clog in new Chapel New, Gentile da Fabriano that painted the Madonna in the left aisle and Luca Signorelli that left a cycle of frescos. The Building of the Popes is situated in the plaza of the Cathedral the, it has been built from Bonifacio VIII, it holds the Museum of the Opera of the Cathedral. The heart of the city is plaza of the Republic where it is the church of S. Andrea (XI sec.). The City Hall rises on the other side O (made again in the 500 by Ippolito Scalza). Other civil building are: the Building of the People, (1157), the Building Monaldeschi della Cervara (XVI century) and the Sette Building (XIII century). It is also necessary to visit Besides visit the famous Pozzo San Patrizio Well of St. Patrician, imposing work of hydraulic engineering built by Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane on the request of of Clemente VII. . The original structure of Antonio da Sangallo is to double helix and reaches around 60 meters of depth with an illuminated downhill by 76 windows. The >Albornoz Fortress from 1364 is adjacent, it has been built on the request of the homonym cardinal, it was the one and only true military building of the city. You should visit the thick building in tuff: Building Soliano that entertains the Museum Emilio Greco. The memories of the cities and the Greek and Etruscan finds can be observed in the Building Faina, center of the Museum "Claudio Faina" (Cathedral Plaza). The churches of S.Francesco (XIII sec.), S.Giovenale, S.Domenico are also very interesting.

Pozzo di San Patrizio –The structure of the well, one of the legs of the 3 days tour proposed by the Farm of the Mulberries (itinerary St. Casciano-Orvieto-Civita di Bagnoregio): the well, planned by Sangallo il Giovane (1527 -37), is composed by a cylindrical room of 13 meters of diameter that goes down to the depth of 62 meters and around which are untied into spiral overlapped two ample staircases into snail of 248 steps each one (they never meet together), illuminated by 72 . The well, that reaches to touch the waters of the sources of S. Zeno, was built on the request of Clemente VII the to guarantee to Orvieto the provisionings of water in case of siege. The name of the well recalls the figure of the evangelist saint of Ireland, san Patrizio, that usually prayed into a deep cavern, in an islet of the island of Derg, to keep in contact with the spiritual universe. At the end of the path he meets the source of the life: the water.

Orvieto underground – Imperdibile the fantastic and unreal tour at the discovery of the underground Orvieto (all the info on the site: www.orvietounderground.it). Under the city we can see a magic labyrinth made of caves, burrows, staircases and unexpected rooms. Thanks to the special orografic conformation, the ancient inhabitants, during 2.500 years, have dug an unbelievable number of hollow that represent an assembled of historical-archaeological information to reconstruct the origins of the city. Angles of the etruscan Velznas seem to relive in these intact structure, together with the echo of the middle Ages and Renaissance periode that originates from this second city. Surely an exciting trip.

Around – we recommend you the walk on the Etruscan necropolis (VI. Century B.C. - III A. C.) to admire the graves room built in tuff bricks blocks, the visit at the abbey of the SS. Severo and Martirio and to the picturesque center of Bagnoregio, country of San Bonaventura (at 20 km), famous for the unusual fraction of Civita, "the city that dies."”.
 

Dintorni

• Orvieto
• Antonio da Sangallo il giovane
• Tour di due giorni
• Lago di Vico
• Lago di Bolsena
• Il Bagnaccio
• Tarquinia
• San Casciano dei Bagni
• Tuscia
• Saturnia
• Pienza - Poggibonsi
• Montefiascone
• Lago di Orvieto
• Civita di Bagnoregio
• Dunarobba
• Castello di Sismano
• Capodimonte
• Viterbo